LCA, EPD & PEF
At Ecomatters, we have a long history in the field of Life Cycle Thinking (LCT) and conducting assessments. We focus on determining the methodologies that fit your needs best, and can help you with the preparation of product claims and environmental product sheets.
To ensure LCAs are transparent and comparable, they follow certain standards including the ISO 14040 and ISO 14044. Some specific frameworks may set up also more stringent methodological rules for conducting LCAs increasing the consistency even further. For example, product environmental footprint (PEF) methodology framework, developed by the European Commission Joint Research Centre, or category rules frameworks within industries. We follow ISO 14040 and ISO 14044 guidelines, have wide experience with other frameworks, and are proficient with the various types of assessment software (GaBi & SimaPro).
The results of an LCA can be extended to include financial information for an Eco Efficiency Analysis (EEA), or serve as a baseline for certifications like Environmental Product Declarations (EPD) and Eco-labelling. An LCA can also be used to compare the environmental performance of your product to the performance of competing products.
We support our clients with:
- Execute certified LCA studies and LCA screening studies according to ISO14040/44
- Review LCA studies done by other consultants;
- Apply LCA to support EPDs, PEF, product claims and eco-labelling;
- Use Eco Efficiency results to support the development of sustainable business models;
- Help you get started and know what EPDs you need;
- Complete ISO 14025 Type III, ISO 14021, and sector-specific EPDs following EN 15804 standards;
- Manage the entire EPD process from conducting the LCA and completing the EPD, to getting it reviewed, certified, and published on the appropriate platform.
Environmental Product Declarations
Product Environmental Footprint
LCAs can be used to understand the hotspots of your product in the value chain and to drive sustainability improvements
Why conduct a LCA, EPD or PEF?
A Life Cycle Assessment is a tool that identifies the environmental impact of a product or organization throughout its life cycle. LCA quantifies the impacts of greenhouse gas emissions, energy use, water consumption, acidification, and ozone layer depletion. An LCA is used to breakdown different input and outputs at each stage of a product’s life cycle – from raw material extraction, producing and using a product, transport, and finally disposal or re-use (cradle to grave).
The results of an LCA can be used to understand the hotspots of your product in the value chain and to drive sustainability improvements. This supports businesses in their sustainability goals by helping establish environmental targets and improve decision making for strategy development.
A PEF study is an LCA study that complies with the PEF methodological framework developed by the the European Commission’s science and knowledge service. This framework sets up specific rules for modelling the product’s life cycle, as well as for calculating and presenting the LCA results. For some product categories, PEF category rules (PEFCR) are available to complement the general method and provide more product-specific detailed technical guidance. Consequently, PEF studies give a more rigid based for comparing performance of different products, and are likely to become the base for environmental performance labelling of products on the European market in the future.
An EPD is a third-party verified document that is officially registered to show the environmental impact of a product or service. To construct the EPD, an LCA is first used to calculate the impact which is included into the EPD according to specific standards (e.g. EN 15804). The finished document is verified by an approved system operator and published on one of the publicly available online platforms. EPDs provide transparent and comparable information about a product.
Certified EPDs are based on LCA and follow ISO 14025 type III protocols. They are valid for use in compliance regulation or for green building schemes (e.g. BREEAM, LEED). An EPD created according to the ISO 14021 standard is considered relevant, but as they are not third-party reviewed or verified, they risk not being accepted at higher levels of transparency compliance.
The range of projects for a diverse set of clients illustrates the vast experience we have with conducting LCAs and EPDs