Skip to content

End-of-waste status

End-of-waste status

When you throw something away it becomes waste. More specifically, the EU Waste Framework Directive or WFD defines waste as ‘any substance or object which the holder discards or intends or is required to discard’. Any substance or object is either waste or non-waste.

When a company wants to do something with this waste such as sorting, incinerating, composting, etc, specific waste regulations apply to protect people and the environment. However, currently, economies are transforming into a more circular system. This means that we try to generate less waste by re-using products and instead of incineration, waste is recycled into new products.

For recyclers, it is highly important to know exactly when they deal with waste and when not. For example, they need to establish whether their ‘raw materials’ are waste within the meaning of the WFD (waste framework directive) or possibly remaining substances, mixtures, or articles within the meaning of REACH.


To stimulate the re-use of waste into new raw materials, the EU frameworks regarding waste and substances make it possible for waste to cease being waste. When a recycled product receives the status of end-of-waste, users of this product no longer have to comply to waste regulations. These end-of-waste rules have recently been amended by the revision of the main European waste directives in 2018 and must be implemented before 5 July 2020 by member states.

To judge if and when something ceases to be waste, end-of-waste criteria are currently being developed for product groups. In general, a given waste may only cease to be a waste if:

The substance or object is commonly used for specific purposes;

  • A market or demand exists for such a substance or object;
  • The substance or object fulfils the technical requirements for the specific purposes and meets the existing legislation and standards applicable to products;
  • The use of the substance or object will not lead to overall adverse environmental or human health impacts.

Ecomatters Provided Support in end-of-waste

  • Ecomatters can assist you in assessing the regulatory status of your product. Among others, we can identify where in the production chain the recovered material no longer classifies as waste and substance or article-related regulations start to apply.
  • When you want to apply for a legal ruling by the Ministry of Infrastructure as to whether or not a material is waste or has reached end-of-waste status, Ecomatters can assist in meeting the necessary data requirements and take part in discussions with local or national authorities.
  • In order to enter the market with a recovered substance or material it has to comply with chemical or product regulations such as REACH, or food contact materials. Ecomatters can help you at every step to assure full legislative compliance.

Waste framework directive services

Contact us

Max Sonnen

Managing Director
Marco Mense

Marco Mense

Senior Consultant

Case studies

Regain - End of Waste criteria
End-of-waste assessment report for Regain Services Pty Limited

Ecomatters has supported Regain Services Pty Limited in an end-of-waste…

End of waste system
Analysing the Dutch end-of-waste system

To effectively move towards a circular economy, it is essential…

Call with our consultants

Do you want to know more about how we can help? Schedule a call with one of our consultants to ask your questions.

Schedule a call

Back To Top